Crus L, leg crus of penis
Crux L, cross cruciate ligament – a pair of ligaments shaped like an X; located in several joints of the body, such as the knee; very strong ligaments that allow for a wide range of motion. (Religious hint – crucify, crucifixion)
Peri G, around perichondrium – a dense layer of cartilage (connective tissue) that goes around developing bone. Literally cartilage (chondro-) that goes around (peri-)
Peroneus G, fibula peroneus longus – a superficial muscle in the lateral aspect of the leg. Peroneal nerve – a branch of the sciatic nerve which provides movement and sensation to the lower leg.
Post- L, after, behind postnatal (after birth)
Pre- L, before prenatal (before birth)
Ram- L, branch ramus – dorsal ramus of spinal nerve – a branch of nerves. Plural of ramus is rami.
Re- L, again, back recurrent pain – happens again and again
Rect- L, straight rectus femoris – (literally straight, of the femur) one of the four quadriceps muscles of the human body; located in the medial, anterior aspect of the thigh. (Middle, front)
Ren L, kidney renal – having to do with kidneys (Also, Greek nephron, from ‘nephros’ meaning kidney)
Retro- L, back retroperitoneal – the membrane that lines the abdominal cavity and most of the abdominal organs. From the Greek peri- meaning around + ‘tonos’ meaning a stretching = a stretching around.
Sect L, to cut dissect – to separate in order to inspect
Serra L, saw-like serratus anterior – a muscle that originates on the upper eight or nine ribs at the side of the chest; holds the scapula against the thoracic wall; also called the Boxer’s Muscle. This muscle resembles the jagged edges of a saw.
Splenius G, bandage splenius capitis – Take a guess…bandage around the head? A broad strap-like muscle in the back of the neck; Primarily responsible for moving the head. So, if faced with this on a test and you do not remember studying this term, you would not place this muscle in the foot! We have to think our way out of some situations. Splenius means bandage and capitis has to do with the head. Hopefully you recognize the importance of learning suffixes and prefixes.